One of the first things you should install on your Linux machine
Git is the most widely used decentralized version control system used in today’s software development world. Everyone from an individual developer to giant software corporations use Git in their software development processes.
From beginners to professionals, it has become necessary to learn how to use Git for every programmer. Services like Github and Gitlab have contributed even more to the use of Git.
In this article we will see how to install Git on Ubuntu 20.04, which is the latest version of Ubuntu.
Git is available in the official Ubuntu 20.04 repository in the package
git. Before we get started, let’s first update the package list from the repositories.
sudo apt update
Now, run the following command to install the latest version of Git on your Ubuntu machine.
sudo apt install git
If you wish to use Git from a GUI instead of command line, two tools are available, one is
gitk from the package
git-gui, and other is
qgit from the eponymous package. You can install either/both of these in the same way as
sudo apt install git-gui qgit
Note that the package
git does not install the optional documentation package
git-doc. You can install it separately if you want the complete Git documentation locally.
sudo apt install git-doc
This installs the documentation at the location
/usr/share/doc/git. You can read the file
README.md for information on how the documentation is organized.
Verifying the Installation
To verify if Git has been successfully installed, first run the following:
Thus, Git is successfully installed on your Ubuntu 20.04 machine. You can now proceed to initialize or clone a Git repository and start working.
We saw how to install Git on Ubuntu 20.04. If you are a developer and interested in source code of Git, you can download a source code tarball of any git version from here.
For more information and resources on Git, visit the official website git-scm.com.